Monday, August 20, 2012

The Young Renter

Yair Assaf-Shapira

During the years 2009-2010 (on average), among 431,000 residents of Jerusalem aged 20 and above, 262,000 (61%) lived in apartments they owned, and 133,000 (31%) lived in rented apartments. The rest had other living arrangements, such as an apartment belonging to a family member or friend. The percentage of renters in Jerusalem was comparable to the figure for Haifa (30%), higher than the figure for Israel (23%), and lower than the figure for Tel Aviv-Jaffa (41%).

As expected, the percentage of renters is not the same across the age groups. The highest percentage was measured among Jerusalem residents aged 20-29, of whom 42% lived in rentals, much higher than the figure for Israel (29%). As age increases, the percentage of renters decreases, but while the percentage of renters among residents aged 30-39 (40%) was only slightly lower than the figure for those aged 20-29, in the age group 40-54 the percentage dropped by about half (22%), and among those aged 55 and above it dropped slightly more (18%). Only in this group is the figure comparable to that of Israel (17%).

A large variance exists with respect to duration of residence between residents who rent an apartment and those who reside in an apartment that they own. While among renters in Jerusalem about a third (34%) had been residing in the apartment (at the time of the survey) for a period of 6 months to 1 year, among those who live in apartments they own only 6% indicated that this was the period of time they had been residing in their apartment. A residential period of 1.5-5 years was also more characteristic of renters (32%) than homeowners (15%). A residential period of 5.5-10 years was characteristic of both groups equally (16%), and the percentage of those residing for longer periods of time was much higher among homeowners (30%-34%) than among renters (7%-12%).

It is customarily assumed that apartment renters are people who cannot purchase an apartment, but the data indicate that a significant portion of renters in Jerusalem (14%) have another apartment that they own. A similar percentage was measured in Haifa (14%) and Israel (15%), and a slightly higher percentage was measured in Tel Aviv-Jaffa (18%).



Data source: The 2009 and 2010 social surveys of the Central Bureau of Statistics

Monday, August 6, 2012

In Good Faith

Aviel Yelinek

Jerusalem’s population is diverse, comprising groups with varying characteristics, including groups that differ from one another in the extent of their religious observance.

The social survey that the Central Bureau of Statistics conducts within the population aged 20 and above reveals that during the years 2008-2010 (on average), 31% of the Jews in Jerusalem defined themselves as traditional, 29% as haredi (ultra-orthodox), 21% as religious, and 19% as secular. The percentage of Jews aged 20 and above in Jerusalem who defined themselves as haredi was the highest among the large cities of Israel and was significantly higher than the percentage of haredim in Israel (8%). In comparison, the percentage of haredim in Tel Aviv was 2%, in Haifa 3%, and in Rishon LeZion only 1%. The percentage of religious Jews in Jerusalem (21%) was also higher than the average for Israel (10%). The percentage of traditional Jews (traditional-religious and traditional-not-so-religious) in Jerusalem stood at 31%, lower than the average for Israel (39%) and the lowest of the major cities in Israel. And what about the secular? The percentage of secular Jews in Jerusalem (19%) was much lower than the average for Israel (42%) and was the lowest of the major cities in Israel. The percentage of secular Jews in Tel Aviv, for example, was the highest among the major cities, measuring 59%, compared to 58% for Haifa, 47% for Rishon LeZion, and 32% for Ashdod.

Within the non-Jewish sector as well, the extent of religious observance in Jerusalem was higher than the average for Israel and for its major cities. The data reveal that 14% of non-Jewish Jerusalemites defined themselves as very religious, compared to 60% who defined themselves as religious, 21% as not so religious, and only 5% as not religious. In comparison, only 7% of the non-Jews in Israel defined themselves as very religious (half of the figure for Jerusalem), 46% defined themselves as religious, 26% as not so religious, and 21% as not religious (four times the figure for Jerusalem). In Haifa and Tel Aviv the extent of religious observance of non-Jews was especially low. The percentage of very religious non-Jews in these cities measured 1%-2% and the percentage of religious non-Jews measured 23% and 22% respectively.

 

Source: Analysis of data from the social survey of the Central Bureau of Statistics